Cultural entrepreneurship

Life of an artist is no more bohemian life. Today, artist or creator's life means practicing several parallel activities: writing, giving performances,  teaching, creating self-production, and participating in co-porductions etc. Nowadays a different status is applicable for each activity: craftsman, writer, freelance, self-entrepreneur with different fiscal and social regimes that are sometimes incompatible with each others. Therefore red-tape become considerably complicated. 

Cultural entrepreneur. With 7 millions of jobs in Europe and 3,3% of the European labor force, cultural and creative industries are the 3rd European employer with companies that employ less than 3 persons for 60% of them. They employ on average more than 15-25 years old than any other sector. In France the characteristics of cultural employment are the sources of inspiration of a new social model: a high level of education (two third of the employees are bachelors), a non-salary employment that concerns 30% of the total employment and a multidisciplinarity through statutory combinaison of jobs. Furthermore 25% of the professionals working in culture earn replacement revenues. These employment specificities, combined with agility and multiactivity principles - in time and space - that are proper to creators, constitute a solid foundation to define a new social model.

Works by the Forum d’Avignon on cultural entrepreneurship



  • March 31th, 2016 #FAbdx - Account of the session: Enterprising culture READ
  • April 1st, 2016 Account of the session: Are creators entrepreneurs like any others? READ


  • Cultural undertaking & investment: from intuitation to decision making. READ


  • « Enterprising culture », by Laure Kaltenbach and Olivier Le Guay, The Huffington Post, March 29, 2016 READ
  • "France Made in Culture: the resistance" by Laure Kaltenbach and Olivier Le Guay, Le Quotidien de L'Art, November 27, 2015 READ
  • “Reconnect culture and the economy” by Laure Kaltenbach and Olivier Le Guay, Influencia, July/September 2015. READ

Contribution: Enterprising culture by:

  • Antoine Stéphany, student at Sciences Po Paris,  "Towards a status for cultural entrepreneurs?"  READ
  • Laurence Marchand, Production Director and Artistic Coordinator, Théâtre du Châtelet, READ
  • Emmanuel Ethis, head of Nice regional authority (Ministry of Education), chancellor of Universities, READ
  • David Grimal, violonist, founder of Les Dissonances « The human factor » READ
  • Bernard Faivre d'Arcier, president of the Biennales de Lyon and president of the Chaumont sur Loire Domain READ
  • Jean-Philippe Domecq, writer, «Cultural emulation» READ
  • Léonard Anthony, associate director of the literary agency Susanna Lea Associates Co-Founder, Versilio READ
  • Constance Rubini, director, Museum of Decorative Arts and Design, Bordeaux READ
  • Nicolas de Bailliencourt dit Courcol, Chancellor, Academy of Bordeaux Wine READ
  • Dorota Nigge, policy officer responsible for the policy development in support to the cultural and creative sectors, European Commission READ
  • Isabelle Giordano, General Director, UniFrance Films, READ 
  • Hervé Rony, Chief Executif Officer at Scam, READ
  • David Throsby, Chairman of the Forum’ Scientfic Board and professor, Macquarie University READ
  • Amit Khanna : Cultural entrepreneurship in India  former CEO of Reliance Entertainment READ


  • “Creativity in the financing models of culture”. READ


  • Cultural and creative industries in Africa and the Middle East, 01-20, 2016 READ
  • Cultural and creative industries in Asia-Pacific, 01-13, 2016 READ
  • Cultural and creative industries in Latin America and the Caribbean, 1-6, 2015, READ
  • Cultural and creative industries in North America, 12-16, 2015 READ
  • Cultural and creative industries in Europe, 12-9, 2015 READ
  • 1st global overview of the cultural economy, presented at the UNESCO, 12-2, 2015 READ
  • Employment in cultural and creative industries in France, 11-27, 2015 READ


The Forum d’Avignon presents each week exciting stories on cultural start-ups.


  • Web review of July 24th, 2015: Think like an artist, act like an entrepreneur! READ


  • Vanessa Pariente, Daum’s director of communications. READ
  • Pascal Keiser, general coordinator for French Tech Culture. READ
  • Bertrand Girin and Nicolas Nguyen, co-founders of Reputation VIP. READ
  • Laurence Marchand, Director of production and artistic coordination, Théâtre du Châtelet. READ