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Contribution : "After 18 years of existence Radio Campus gives free speech to its students" by Clémence Macaluso



Radio Campus was set up in a very particular context; initially it was illegal before it was nationally recognized. Its offers an alternative content from other so-called commercial radio (stations) and enable the development of culture, creativity and associated engagement commitment from its students.


Between legality and illegality.
At the beginning of the XXth century, when material and technology first became available, few lovers decided to create their own radio stations. In France to regulate and avoid radio frequency chaos, the Finance Act of 30th June 1923 was created and radio stations were compelled to get nationalized. However this law allowed private radio stations to exist, on the condition that to get an authorization to use a station, they paid a fee and let the government control their contents. 

It's because of this situation that pirate radio stations were created. To fight against what they consider oppression, they had broadcasted illegally. In the 70's, pirate radios get created and claimed the right to speak freely and the end of the state monopoly. As examples we can note Radio Alice in Italy or the famous Radio Caroline in the United Kingdom. Until 1981 Radio stations had been under government control.

The emergence of Radio Campus.
Since 1969, Radio Campus has been broadcasting (still illegally). It is based at Villeneuve d’Ascq at the top of a building at the University of Lille in France.
The campus radios are first and foremost European ones after the creation in 1987 of the FERUE (European Federation of University and Student Radios) thanks to the initiative of Radio Campus Bruxelles and Radio Campus Strasbourg. In 1996, the campus radios joined forces and created the network IASTAR France. In 2011, the name changed and became Radio Campus France. They share some common values like: the spread of culture, citizenship, the creation of sound and radio, the whole thing managed by volunteer students. They are supported by government subsidies without which they would not be able to survive.

Today, there are 25 campus radios in France including 21 which have FM frequency. More than 2800 volunteers and 75 paid professionals get involved in this project. Partnership with cultural organizations enables media students to cover events. For example, the Festival d'Avignon can be viewed from a student perspective.

Clémence Macaluso, Master 1 Stratégies de Développement Culturel, Université d’Avignon